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队列(数组实现) Java 代码

分类:算法与数据结构 作者:阳光倾城 评论:0 点击: 401 次 日期:2016-08-01


队列(数组实现) Java 代码
// ArrayQueue class
//
// CONSTRUCTION: with no initializer
//
// ******************PUBLIC OPERATIONS*********************
// void enqueue( x )      --> Insert x
// Object getFront( )     --> Return least recently inserted item
// Object dequeue( )      --> Return and remove least recent item
// boolean isEmpty( )     --> Return true if empty; else false
// void makeEmpty( )      --> Remove all items
// ******************ERRORS********************************
// getFront or dequeue on empty queue
/**
* Array-based implementation of the queue.
* @author Mark Allen Weiss
*/
public class ArrayQueue implements Queue
{
    /**
     * Construct the queue.
     */
    public ArrayQueue( )
    {
        theArray = new Object[ DEFAULT_CAPACITY ];
        makeEmpty( );
    }
    /**
     * Test if the queue is logically empty.
     * @return true if empty, false otherwise.
     */
    public boolean isEmpty( )
    {
        return currentSize == 0;
    }
    /**
     * Make the queue logically empty.
     */
    public void makeEmpty( )
    {
        currentSize = 0;
        front = 0;
        back = -1;
    }
    /**
     * Return and remove the least recently inserted item
     * from the queue.
     * @return the least recently inserted item in the queue.
     * @throws UnderflowException if the queue is empty.
     */
    public Object dequeue( )
    {
        if( isEmpty( ) )
            throw new UnderflowException( "ArrayQueue dequeue" );
        currentSize--;
        Object returnValue = theArray[ front ];
        front = increment( front );
        return returnValue;
    }
    /**
     * Get the least recently inserted item in the queue.
     * Does not alter the queue.
     * @return the least recently inserted item in the queue.
     * @throws UnderflowException if the queue is empty.
     */
    public Object getFront( )
    {
        if( isEmpty( ) )
            throw new UnderflowException( "ArrayQueue getFront" );
        return theArray[ front ];
    }
    /**
     * Insert a new item into the queue.
     * @param x the item to insert.
     */
    public void enqueue( Object x )
    {
        if( currentSize == theArray.length )
            doubleQueue( );
        back = increment( back );
        theArray[ back ] = x;
        currentSize++;
    }
    /**
     * Internal method to increment with wraparound.
     * @param x any index in theArray's range.
     * @return x+1, or 0 if x is at the end of theArray.
     */
    private int increment( int x )
    {
        if( ++x == theArray.length )
            x = 0;
        return x;
    }
    /**
     * Internal method to expand theArray.
     */
    private void doubleQueue( )
    {
        Object [ ] newArray;
        newArray = new Object[ theArray.length * 2 ];
            // Copy elements that are logically in the queue
        for( int i = 0; i < currentSize; i++, front = increment( front ) )
            newArray[ i ] = theArray[ front ];
        theArray = newArray;
        front = 0;
        back = currentSize - 1;
    }
    private Object [ ] theArray;
    private int        currentSize;
    private int        front;
    private int        back;
    private static final int DEFAULT_CAPACITY = 10;
}
/**
* Exception class for access in empty containers
* such as stacks, queues, and priority queues.
* @author Mark Allen Weiss
*/
public class UnderflowException extends RuntimeException
{
    /**
     * Construct this exception object.
     * @param message the error message.
     */
    public UnderflowException( String message )
    {
        super( message );
    }
}
// Queue interface
//
// ******************PUBLIC OPERATIONS*********************
// void enqueue( x )      --> Insert x
// Object getFront( )     --> Return least recently inserted item
// Object dequeue( )      --> Return and remove least recent item
// boolean isEmpty( )     --> Return true if empty; else false
// void makeEmpty( )      --> Remove all items
// ******************ERRORS********************************
// getFront or dequeue on empty queue
/**
* Protocol for queues.
* @author Mark Allen Weiss
*/
public interface Queue
{
    /**
     * Insert a new item into the queue.
     * @param x the item to insert.
     */
    void  enqueue( Object x );
    /**
     * Get the least recently inserted item in the queue.
     * Does not alter the queue.
     * @return the least recently inserted item in the queue.
     * @exception UnderflowException if the queue is empty.
     */
    Object getFront( );
    /**
     * Return and remove the least recently inserted item
     * from the queue.
     * @return the least recently inserted item in the queue.
     * @exception UnderflowException if the queue is empty.
     */
    Object dequeue( );
    /**
     * Test if the queue is logically empty.
     * @return true if empty, false otherwise.
     */
    boolean isEmpty( );
    /**
     * Make the queue logically empty.
     */
    void makeEmpty( );
}




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