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双语:全球影评人选出21世纪最伟大的100部电影

分类:英语资讯 作者:月上柳梢 评论:0 点击: 348 次 日期:2017-03-15

BBC票选出21世纪最伟大的100部电影BBC票选出21世纪最伟大的100部电影

  来自世界各地的177名影评人精心挑选出了自2000年以来最棒的电影,盗梦空间、断背山、千与千寻、窃听风云皆在其列额,还不赶快来瞧瞧你都看过哪些电影呢?

  “They don’t make ‘em like they used to.”

  “他们不再像以前一样制作电影。”

  How often have we all heard that resigned expression? How often have we said it ourselves? ‘The death of cinema’ is debated in university film studies programs worldwide. Critics lament the loss of ’small movies’ in favour of superhero spectacles. Box-office analysts look for signs of an industry on the brink. Studio executives fear that video-on-demand may destroy the idea of going to the cinema more than broadcast and cable TV ever did.

  我们是不是时常会听到这样的消极表达?我们自己是不是也经常说出这样的话呢?在全世界,“电影的灭亡”一直是大学电影研究项目的讨论话题。评论家们感叹“小电影”的缺失,取而代之的是超级英雄的宏大场景。票房分析员寻找电影产业濒临边缘的迹象。电影制片人们担心视频点播可能会冲击人们去电影院看电影而不是听广播或看有线电视的想法。

  And what can we really call a new classic? What in recent vintage can hold its own on the big screen with the likes of The Searchers, The Godfather, The Rules of the Game, Seven Samurai or Citizen Kane? Some film journalists even think the movie star is a thing of the past.

  什么样的电影才能够称之为经典?在最近几年什么样的电影能够像《日落狂沙》,《教父》,《游戏规则》,《七武士》和《公民凯恩》那样在大屏幕上占据一席之地?一些电影记者甚至认为电影明星是过去的事情了。

  Perhaps the fault lies not in our movie stars, but in ourselves. If you can’t find masterpieces amid the blockbuster flotsam, you simply aren’t looking hard enough. Film-making today, whether massively expensive or made with tiny budgets, shot on celluloid or video, is thriving artistically as much as it ever has. But today you’ll find greater diversity in the kinds of films being made, if not in the people who are making them. That’s why we, the editors of BBC Culture, decided to commission a poll of critics to determine the 100 greatest films of the 21st Century. Last year, we asked critics to name the greatest American films of all time, and we were surprised that only six films made since 2000 made the top 100. Is there a feeling that time sanctifies a classic? Perhaps. But this time, we wanted to prove that this century has given us films that will stand the test of time, that you will continue to think about and argue about if only you give them a chance and watch them.

  也许问题并不是电影明星,而是我们自己。如果你不能在轰动一时的电影中发现杰出的作品,你只是没有好好找。今天的电影制作,不论是大制作还是小成本,用胶片还是录像带,都史无前例的兴盛。但是现在即使你不是电影制作人,你也会发现电影制作种类的多样性。这就是为什么我们BBC文化的编辑们决定让评论家票选出100部21世纪最伟大的电影。去年,我们让评论家们选出自电影问世以来,最伟大的美国电影,让我们感到吃惊的是自2000年以来,只有6部电影进入前100。是不是有一种时间使经典神圣化的感觉?也许吧。但是这一次,我们想要证明这个世纪为我们创造了能够经受时间考验的电影,值得我们思考和争论的电影,只要你给这些电影一个机会,观看他们。

  For our poll to determine the 100 greatest American films, we surveyed 62 film critics from around the world. This time, we received responses from 177 – from every continent except Antarctica. Some are newspaper or magazine reviewers, others write primarily for websites; academics and cinema curators are well-represented too. For the purposes of this poll we have decided that a list of the greatest films of the 21st Century should include the year 2000, even though we recognise that there was no ‘Year Zero’ and that 2001 is mathematically the start of the century. Not only did we all celebrate the turn of the millennium on 31 December 1999, but the year 2000 was a landmark in global cinema, and, in particular, saw the emergence of new classics from Asia like nothing we had ever seen before.

  当我们票选100部美国最伟大的电影的时候,我们走访了来自世界各地的62个电影评论员。这一次,我们收到了除却南极洲以外来自各个大洲的177位评论家的回复。其中有一些是报纸和杂志的评论家,其他主要是网络写手;学者和电影策展人也在其中。为了此次票选的目的,我们决定21世纪最伟大的电影名单应该包括2000年这一年,尽管我们明白并没有“零年”,而2001年才是世纪的开端。不仅是因为我们庆祝千禧年的转折1999年12月31日,而且2000年也是全球电影的里程碑,尤其是,这一年见证了来自亚洲新出现的我们从未见过的经典。

  We believe that the new classics on this list are destined to become old classics. Whether or not that happens is ultimately up to you, the moviegoers. But one thing is certain: cinema isn’t dying, it’s evolving.

  我们相信名单上的新经典注定会成为老经典。这是否会发生最终取决于你,喜爱电影的你们。但是有一件事是肯定的:电影不会死亡,它在发展。

  100. Toni Erdmann (Maren Ade, 2016)

  100.《托尼·厄德曼》(玛伦·阿德,2016)

  100. Requiem for a Dream (Darren Aronofsky, 2000)

  100.《梦之安魂曲》(达伦·阿罗诺夫斯基,2000)

  100. Carlos (Olivier Assayas, 2010)

  100.《卡洛斯》(奥立弗·阿萨亚斯,2010)

  99. The Gleaners and I (Agnès Varda, 2000)

  99.《拾穗者》(艾格尼丝·瓦达,2000)

  98. Ten (Abbas Kiarostami, 2002)

  98.《十段生命的律动》(阿巴斯·基亚罗斯塔米,2002)

  97. White Material (Claire Denis, 2009)

  97.《白色物质》(克莱尔·丹尼斯,2009)

  96. Finding Nemo (Andrew Stanton, 2003)

  96.《海底总动员》(安德鲁·施坦顿,2003)

  95. Moonrise Kingdom (Wes Anderson, 2012)

  95.《月升王国》(韦斯·安德森,2012)

  94. Let the Right One In (Tomas Alfredson, 2008)

  94.《血色入侵》(托马斯·阿尔弗莱德森,2008)

  93. Ratatouille (Brad Bird, 2007)

  93.《美食总动员》(布拉德·伯德,2007)

  92. The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford (Andrew Dominik, 2007)

  92.《神枪手之死》(安德鲁·多米尼克,2007)

  91. The Secret in Their Eyes (Juan José Campanella, 2009)

  91.《迷情追凶》(胡安·何塞·坎帕内利亚,2009)

  90. The Pianist (Roman Polanski, 2002)

  90. 《钢琴师》(罗曼·波兰斯基,2002)

  89. The Headless Woman (Lucrecia Martel, 2008)

  89.《无头的女人》(卢奎西亚·马特尔,2008)

  88. Spotlight (Tom McCarthy, 2015)

  88.《聚焦》(汤姆·麦卡锡,2015)

  87. Amélie (Jean-Pierre Jeunet, 2001)

  87.《天使爱美丽》(让-皮埃尔·热内,2001)

  86. Far From Heaven (Todd Haynes, 2002)

  86.《远离天堂》(托德·海恩斯,2002)

  85. A Prophet (Jacques Audiard, 2009)

  85.《预言者》(雅克·欧迪亚,2009)

  84. Her (Spike Jonze, 2013)

  84.《她》(斯派克·琼斯,2013)

  83. A.I. Artificial Intelligence (Steven Spielberg, 2001)

  83.《人工智能》(斯蒂文·斯皮尔伯格,2001)

  82. A Serious Man (Joel and Ethan Coen, 2009)

  82.《严肃的男人》(乔尔·科恩/伊桑·科恩,2009)

  81. Shame (Steve McQueen, 2011)

  81.《羞耻》(史蒂夫·麦奎因,2011)

  80. The Return (Andrey Zvyagintsev, 2003)

  80.《回归》(安德烈·萨金塞夫,2003)

  79. Almost Famous (Cameron Crowe, 2000)

  79.《几近成名》(卡梅伦·克罗,2000)

  78. The Wolf of Wall Street (Martin Scorsese, 2013)

  78.《华尔街之狼》(马丁·斯科塞斯,2013)

  77. The Diving Bell and the Butterfly (Julian Schnabel, 2007)

  77.《潜水钟与蝴蝶》(朱利安·施纳贝尔,2007)

  76. Dogville (Lars von Trier, 2003)

  76.《狗镇》(拉斯·冯·提尔,2003)

  75. Inherent Vice (Paul Thomas Anderson, 2014)

  75.《性本恶》(保罗·托马斯·安德森,2014)

  74. Spring Breakers (Harmony Korine, 2012)

  74.《春假学生》(哈莫尼·科林,2012)

  73. Before Sunset (Richard Linklater, 2004)

  73.《爱在日落余晖时》(理查德·林克莱特,2004)

  72. Only Lovers Left Alive (Jim Jarmusch, 2013)

  72.《唯爱永生》(吉姆·贾木许,2013)

  71. Tabu (Miguel Gomes, 2012)

  71.《禁忌》(米古尔·戈麦斯,2012)

  70. Stories We Tell (Sarah Polley, 2012)

  70.《我们讲述的故事》(萨拉·波莉,2012)

  69. Carol (Todd Haynes, 2015)

  69.《卡罗尔》(托德·海因斯,2015)

  68. The Royal Tenenbaums (Wes Anderson, 2001)

  68.《特伦鲍姆一家》(韦斯·安德森,2001)

  67. The Hurt Locker (Kathryn Bigelow, 2008)

  67.《拆弹部队》(凯瑟琳·毕格罗,2008)

  66. Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter…and Spring (Kim Ki-duk, 2003)

  66.《春夏秋冬又一春》(金基德,2003)

  65. Fish Tank (Andrea Arnold, 2009)

  65.《鱼缸》(安德里亚·阿诺德,2009)

  64. The Great Beauty (Paolo Sorrentino, 2013)

  64.《绝美之城》(保罗·索伦蒂诺,2013)

  63. The Turin Horse (Béla Tarr and ?gnes Hranitzky, 2011)

  63.《都灵之马》(贝拉·塔尔,阿尼亚斯·赫拉尼茨基,2011)

  62. Inglourious Basterds (Quentin Tarantino, 2009)

  62.《无耻混蛋》(昆汀·塔伦蒂诺,2009)

  61. Under the Skin (Jonathan Glazer, 2013)

  61.《皮囊之下》(乔纳森·格雷泽,2013)

  60. Syndromes and a Century (Apichatpong Weerasethakul, 2006)

  60.《恋爱症候群》(阿彼察邦·韦拉斯哈古,2006)

  59. A History of Violence (David Cronenberg, 2005)

  59.《暴力史》(大卫·柯南伯格,2005)

  58. Moolaadé (Ousmane Sembène, 2004)

  58.《割礼龙凤斗》(乌斯曼.塞姆班,2004)

  57. Zero Dark Thirty (Kathryn Bigelow, 2012)

  57.《杀死本拉登》(凯瑟琳毕格罗,2012)

  56. Werckmeister Harmonies (Béla Tarr, director; ?gnes Hranitzky, co-director, 2000)

  56.《鲸鱼马戏团》(贝拉·塔尔,阿尼亚斯·赫拉尼茨基,2000)

  55. Ida (Pawe? Pawlikowski, 2013)

  55.《修女艾达》(帕维尔·帕夫里柯夫斯基,2013)

  54. Once Upon a Time in Anatolia (Nuri Bilge Ceylan, 2011)

  54.《安纳托利亚往事》(努里·比格·锡兰,2011)

  53. Moulin Rouge! (Baz Luhrmann, 2001)

  53.《红磨坊》(巴兹·鲁赫曼,2001)

  52. Tropical Malady (Apichatpong Weerasethakul, 2004)

  52.《热带疾病》(阿彼察邦·韦拉斯哈古,2004)

  51. Inception (Christopher Nolan, 2010)

  51.《盗梦空间》(克里斯托弗·诺兰,2010)

  50. The Assassin (Hou Hsiao-hsien, 2015)

  50.《刺客聂隐娘》(侯孝贤,2015)

  49. Goodbye to Language (Jean-Luc Godard, 2014)

  49.《再见语言》(让吕克·戈达尔,2014)

  48. Brooklyn (John Crowley, 2015)

  48.《布鲁克林》(约翰·克劳利,2015)

  47. Leviathan (Andrey Zvyagintsev, 2014)

  47.《利维坦》(安德烈·萨金塞夫,2014)

  46. Certified Copy (Abbas Kiarostami, 2010)

  46.《正当副本》(阿巴斯·基亚罗斯塔米,2010)

  45. Blue Is the Warmest Color (Abdellatif Kechiche, 2013)

  45.《阿黛尔的生活》(阿布戴·柯西胥,2013)

  44. 12 Years a Slave (Steve McQueen, 2013)

  44.《为奴十二年》(史蒂夫·麦奎因,2013)

  43. Melancholia (Lars von Trier, 2011)

  43.《忧郁》(拉斯·冯·提尔,2011)

  42. Amour (Michael Haneke, 2012)

  42.《爱》(迈克尔·哈内克,2012)

  41. Inside Out (Pete Docter, 2015)

  41.《头脑特工队》(彼特·道格特,2015)

  40. Brokeback Mountain (Ang Lee, 2005)

  40.《断背山》(李安,2005)

  39. The New World (Terrence Malick, 2005)

  39.《新世界》(特兰斯·马利克,2005)

  38. City of God (Fernando Meirelles and Kátia Lund, 2002)

  38.《上帝之城》(费尔南多·梅里尔斯,卡迪亚·兰德,2002)

  37. Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives (Apichatpong Weerasethakul, 2010)

  37.《能召回前世的布米叔叔》(阿彼察邦·韦拉斯哈古,2010)

  36. Timbuktu (Abderrahmane Sissako, 2014)

  36.《廷巴克图》(阿伯德拉马纳·希萨柯,2014)

  35. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (Ang Lee, 2000)

  35.《卧虎藏龙》(李安,2000)

  34. Son of Saul (László Nemes, 2015)

  34.《扫罗之子》(拉斯洛·奈迈施,2015)

  33. The Dark Knight (Christopher Nolan, 2008)

  33.《蝙蝠侠:黑暗骑士》(克里斯托弗·诺兰,2008)

  32. The Lives of Others (Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck, 2006)

  32.《窃听风暴》(弗洛里安·亨克尔·冯·多纳斯马,2006)

  31. Margaret (Kenneth Lonergan, 2011)

  31.《玛格丽特》(肯尼斯·罗纳根,2011)

  30. Oldboy (Park Chan-wook, 2003)

  30.《老男孩》(朴赞郁,2003)

  29. WALL-E (Andrew Stanton, 2008)

  29.《瓦力》(安德鲁·斯坦顿,2008)

  28. Talk to Her (Pedro Almodóvar, 2002)

  28.《对她说》(佩德罗 阿莫多瓦,2002)

  27. The Social Network (David Fincher, 2010)

  27.《社交网站》(大卫·芬奇,2010)

  26. 25th Hour (Spike Lee, 2002)

  26.《25小时》(斯派克·李,2002)

  25. ?Memento (Christopher Nolan, 2000)

  25.《记忆碎片》(克里斯托弗·诺兰,2000)

  24. The Master (Paul Thomas Anderson, 2012)

  24.《大师》(保罗·托马斯·安德森,2012)

  23. Caché (Michael Haneke, 2005)

  23.《躲避》(迈克尔·哈内克,2005)

  22. Lost in Translation (Sofia Coppola, 2003)

  22.《迷失东京》(索菲亚·科波拉,2003)

  21. The Grand Budapest Hotel (Wes Anderson, 2014)

  21.《布达佩斯大饭店》(韦斯·安德森)

  20. Synecdoche, New York (Charlie Kaufman, 2008)

  20.《纽约提喻法》(查理·考夫曼,2008)

  19. Mad Max: Fury Road (George Miller, 2015)

  19.《疯狂的麦克斯:狂暴之路》(乔治·米勒,2015)

  18. The White Ribbon (Michael Haneke, 2009)

  18.《白丝带》(迈克尔·哈内克,2009)

  17. Pan’s Labyrinth (Guillermo Del Toro, 2006)

  17.《牧神的迷宫》(吉尔摩·德尔托罗,2006)

  16. Holy Motors (Leos Carax, 2012)

  16.《神圣车行》(莱奥·卡拉克斯,2012)

  15. 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days (Cristian Mungiu, 2007)

  15.《四月三周两天》(克里丝蒂安·蒙吉,2007)

  14. The Act of Killing (Joshua Oppenheimer, 2012)

  14.《杀戮演绎》(约书亚·奥本海默,2012)

  13. Children of Men (Alfonso Cuarón, 2006)

  13.《人类之子》(阿方索·卡隆,2006)

  12. Zodiac (David Fincher, 2007)

  12.《十二宫》(大卫·芬奇,2007)

  11. Inside Llewyn Davis (Joel and Ethan Coen, 2013)

  11.《醉乡民谣》(乔尔·科恩,伊桑·科恩,2013)

  10. No Country for Old Men (Joel and Ethan Coen, 2007)

  10.《老无所依》(乔尔·科恩,伊桑·科恩,2007)

  9. A Separation (Asghar Farhadi, 2011)

  9.《一次别离》(阿斯哈·法哈迪,2011)

  8. Yi Yi: A One and a Two (Edward Yang, 2000)

  8.《一一》(杨德昌,2000)

  7. The Tree of Life (Terrence Malick, 2011)

  7.《生命之树》(泰伦斯·马力克,2011)

  6. Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (Michel Gondry, 2004)

  6.《美丽心灵的永恒阳光》(米歇尔·冈瑞,2004)

  5. Boyhood (Richard Linklater, 2014)

  5.《少年时代》(理查德·林克莱特,2014)

  4. Spirited Away (Hayao Miyazaki, 2001)

  4.《千与千寻》(宫崎骏,2001)

  3. There Will Be Blood (Paul Thomas Anderson, 2007)

  3.《血色黑金》(保罗-托马斯-安德森,2007)

  2. In the Mood for Love (Wong Kar-wai, 2000)

  2.《花样年华》(王家卫,2000)

  1. Mulholland Drive (David Lynch, 2001)

  1.《穆赫兰道》(大卫·林奇,2001)

致儒先生




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