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双语:达沃斯到底是啥?知道这四件事就够了

分类:英语资讯 作者:风雨 评论:0 点击: 63 次 日期:2018-01-30

  最近达沃斯听起来很火,但是你真的知道什么是达沃斯么?

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  The World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland is fast approaching, and President Donald Trump plans to attend.

  达沃斯经济论坛又快开幕了,今年美国总统特朗普也计划出席本届达沃斯论坛。

  White House Press Secretary Sarah Sanders said in a statement Tuesday that President Trump looks forward being on being on hand at the event, a gathering of the world’s political and business elite, to promote “his policies to strengthen American businesses, American industries, and American workers.”

  达沃斯论坛是世界政商精英的盛会。本周二,白宫新闻发言人萨拉.桑德斯在一份声明中称,美国总统特朗普也将参加本届达沃斯论坛,以推广“他关于加强美国企业、美国产业和美国工人的政策”。

  As president-elect last year, Trump did not attend Davos. But his election, proposed policies, and very un-Davos-like personality were a big topic among attendees.

  去年达沃斯期间,特朗普尚未正式宣誓就任,因此他没能参加上届达沃斯论坛。不过特朗普的胜选、他提出的一些政策口号,以及他那与达沃斯格格不入的性格,也让他成了上届达沃斯上的热门话题。

  Here’s everything you need to know about Davos.

  关于达沃斯论坛,你只要知道以下四件事就行了。

  What Is Davos?

  达沃斯论坛是什么?

  Colloquially known as Davos for the Alpine resort town in which it’s held, the Annual Meeting is hosted by the World Economic Forum (WEF), a Swiss nonprofit foundation. It brings together global leaders from different sectors, including business, politics, academia, and journalism, for several days to discuss the most pressing issues facing the world. Typically, more than 2,000 people are invited to attend, participate, or cover the event. Every year, the event focuses on a different theme with this year’s being “Creating a Shared Future in a Fractured World.”

  世界经济论坛(WEF)是瑞士的一个非盈利基金会,它的年会每年在阿尔卑斯山麓的名胜小镇达沃斯举办,故而又称“达沃斯论坛”。来自全球商业、政治、学术、传媒等各个领域的领导人会在这里盘桓数日,讨论全球面临的最迫切的问题。通常每年会有2000多人参加论坛,其中包含参会嘉宾和记者。每年达沃斯论坛都有一个不同的主题,今年的主题是“在分化的世界中建立共同的未来”。

  Who attends?

  有哪些人出席?

  While heads of state frequently attend Davos, U.S. presidents have often declined the invitation because of the perceived elitism of the event. Trump is the first sitting president to attend since Bill Clinton in 2000, during the final year of his presidency.

  各国领导人都是达沃斯的常客,但由于达沃斯论坛容易给人一种精英统治论之感,历任美国总统一般都会婉拒出席。特朗普也是在克林顿之后,第一位出席达沃斯论坛的现任美国总统。(克林顿是在他任期的最后一年也就是2000年出席的。)

  Much of the attendee list is kept private until the event, but the all-female list of this year’s co-chairs include: International Monetary Fund chief Christine Lagarde, IBMCEO Ginni Rometty, Norway’s Prime Minister Erna Solberg, Sharan Burrow, general secretary of the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) in Belgium; Fabiola Gianotti, director general of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva; Isabelle Kocher, CEO of ENGIE Group; and Chetna Sinha, founder and president of Mann Deshi Mahila Bank and Mann Deshi Foundation in India.

  达沃斯的参会人员名单在论坛正式开幕之前基本是保密的。不过今年主席团里已经确定的女性参会者有:国际货币基金组织主席克里斯蒂娜.拉加德,IBM公司CEO罗睿兰,挪威总理埃尔娜.索尔伯格,国际工会联盟(位于比利时)总秘书长夏朗.伯劳,欧洲核子研究委员会总干事法比奥拉.吉亚诺蒂,ENGIE集团CEO伊莎贝拉.科克,印度曼德仕妇女信贷银行、曼德仕基金会创始人兼董事长切特娜.辛哈等。

  Heads of state that have previously attended include Chinese President Xi Jinping, former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

  曾出席历届达沃斯论坛的各国领导人有:中国国家主席习近平,前英国首相布朗,加拿大总理特鲁多,以色列总理内塔尼亚胡等。

  Among other previous attendees are Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg, Google co-founder Sergey Brin, and short-lived White House Communications Director Anthony Scaramucci.

  曾出席历界达沃斯论坛的商界领袖有:Facebook首席运营官谢丽尔.桑德伯格,谷歌联合创始人谢尔盖.布林,以及官运不旺、刚上任就被解职的白宫通讯联络办公室主任安东尼.斯卡拉姆齐。

  What is the World Economic Forum

  世界经济论坛是什么?

  Formed in 1971, the Forum is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. It calls itself the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation, and is “committed to improving the state of the world.” It seeks to be independent, impartial, and not tied to special interests.

  世界经济论坛创办于1971年,总部位于瑞士的日内瓦。它自称是一个致力于促进公私合作的国际组织,同时“致力于改善世界的状态”。它号称是一个独立、公正、不受任何特殊利益绑架的组织。

  While the Forum is best known for its annual meeting in Davos, it also hosts several other regional meetings throughout the year. These events take place in different locations across Africa, East Asia, and Latin America, as well as two recurring events in the United Arab Emirates and China.

  该组织的活动中最出名的就是达沃斯论坛了,但除此之外,它每年还会举办几场地区性的会议,这些会议往往在非洲、东亚、拉美等地选择不同的城市举办,但也有过两次在阿联酋和中国反复举办同一个会议的例子。

  The Forum also produces a series of research reports and engages in a number of initiatives that seek to tackle global challenges through public-private collaboration.

  世界经济论坛也会发布各种调研报告,发起各种旨在通过公私合作解决全球性挑战的行动等等。

  When is Davos?

  达沃斯论坛何时召开?

  This year’s Annual Meeting will be held Jan. 23 to 26.

  今年的达沃斯论坛将在1月23日至26日召开。

致儒先生




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